„They [Armenian forces] should either voluntarily leave the territory by complying with the agreement, or the heroic Azerbaijani army will retake those countries as it has done so far. There is no other choice,“ Said Mevlut Cavusoglu at a press conference in Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan. The Armenians will also return the Lachin region, which holds the main road from Nagorno-Karabakh to Armenia. The agreement provides that the road, known as the Lachin Corridor, remains open and protected by 1,960 Russian peacekeepers. Stepanakert will remain under the control of the Armenian government. Azerbaijan`s President Ilham Aliyev hailed the agreement as a victory for his country and a defeat for Armenia, and said Baku`s military success was aimed at taking the upper hand to end three decades of occupation of its territory. In addition, as part of this agreement, all military operations will be suspended, Russian peacekeeping forces will be deployed along the contact line in Nagorno-Karabakh and along the Lachin corridor that connects the region to Armenia. These Russian peacekeeping forces, with a force of about 2,000 troops, will be deployed to the region for a period of five years. The BBC reported that a large crowd had gathered in the Armenian capital to protest against the peace agreement, while Azerbaijan`s Aliyev said the agreement was of „historical importance.“ Under the agreement, the two belligerents pledged to exchange prisoners of war and the dead. In addition, Armenian troops were to withdraw from Armenian-occupied territories around Nagorno-Karabakh by 1 December. A Russian peacekeeping force of about 2,000 Russian ground forces was to be deployed to the region for at least five years, with one of its missions being the protection of the Lachin Corridor, which connects Armenia and the Nagorno-Karabakh region.
In addition, Armenia is committed to ensuring the „security“ of the passage between the mainland of Azerbaijan and its enclave of Nakhchivan by a strip of land in Syunik province, Armenia. The border forces of the Russian FSB would exercise control of the transport communication.    What is the role of ethnicity in the conflict between the two countries? Aliyev said that Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pachinjan had signed the agreement on the basis of Baku`s „iron fist“ and not because of his own will in Yerevan.