The third module, the e-PSM-Reporting, is a reporting tool that reports on the activities of foreign vessels in its port or on the activities of its vessels marked in foreign ports. This module allows CPCs to establish the mandatory report required by Resolution 05/03 (Details of the landing of foreign vessels at ports), as well as the mandatory report requested by Resolution 17/06 (Details of the transshipment of ships that have been unloaded at foreign ports). The measures taken by the Port State (MSP) are requirements or interventions of the port state to which a foreign fishing vessel is subject to a condition of use of ports within the port state. National MSPs will generally include requirements related to pre-notification of port entry, use of designated ports, restrictions on fish entry and disembarkation/transfer, restrictions on deliveries and services, documentation requirements and port inspections, and related measures, such as the list of INN vessels, trade-related measures and sanctions. Seafood, worth up to $23.5 billion, destined for the world market, is stolen from the sea each year by illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (INNST). Strict port controls are needed to curb these illegal activities. States, intergovernmental organizations and non-governmental organizations are coming together to help the parties fill gaps in their legal, institutional and operational capacity to enforce the Agreement. This work includes aligning legislation with PSMA requirements, establishing mechanisms to monitor INN offenders, training staff in port inspection standards, and introducing information-sharing strategies and technologies. As governments ratify and implement the agreement, seafood buyers must also play a role. Buyers may adopt guidelines that favour ports where states are contracting parties to the PSMA, as they involve less due diligence risks. Industry can play a key role in raising awareness among states that have not yet ratified the agreement on its importance, by assessing the controls they have to prevent the landing of INN fish, especially during port visits. Ports known for lax prosecutions or limited inspection capabilities are a means of choice for unethical fishermen to move their capture from the vessel to the stall.
Port states that enforce the treaty will deny access to the port or access to port services, including landing and transshipment, to foreign-flagged vessels known to have engaged in INT fishing. That is why Pew encourages all port states to ratify and implement the PSMA. The PSMA, adopted in 2009 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), requires parties to carry out stricter controls on foreign-flagged vessels wishing to use their ports to disembark or overload fish. Global participation is essential to the success of the PSMA. If governments agree with the agreement and demonstrate their commitment to the fight against INT fishing, the gaps that allow illegal fishermen to compete will diminish.