Sudan Peace Agreements

CAIRO – Leaders of Sudan`s interim government and a number of rebel groups signed a peace agreement Saturday in Juba, South Sudan`s capital, that observers hope will end nearly two decades of conflict in war-torn areas, including Darfur. On 25 March, Sudanese Defence Minister Gamal al-Din Omar died of a heart attack in Juba after peace talks with rebel groups. Peace talks following al-Din Omar`s death resumed on 2 April. Sudanese researcher Eric Reeves expressed skepticism about the possibility of Hemetti being „ready for peace“ and argued that Hemetti was responsible for crimes against humanity and genocides committed during the wars in Darfur and South Kordofan. [27] On 26 January, Shamseldin Kabashi of the Sovereignty Council and Dahab Ibrahim of the Kush movement signed a „definitive“ peace agreement for the Northern Railway, the study of new dams, compensation for displaced persons by existing dams, the construction of roads and the burial of electronic and nuclear waste. [21] On 24 January, Hemetti, on behalf of the Sovereignty Council, and Ahmed El Omda Badi, on behalf of SPLM-N (Agar), signed political and security agreements[16] which constitute a framework agreement. [15] The agreements give legislative autonomy to South Kordofan and Blue Nile; Propose solutions for sharing land and other resources and aim to standardize all militias and government soldiers into a single military body in Sudan. [16] „Today we have reached a peace agreement. We`re happy. We have completed the mission,“ said Tut Gatluak, head of south Sudan`s mediation team, shortly before the signing of the agreement, which was reached a year after the start of peace talks. On 24 December, Hemetti, on behalf of the Sovereignty Council, and el-Tom Hajo, deputy head of the SRF and head of the central railway negotiating team, signed a peace agreement on „development, peasant affairs, the El Gezira and El Managil agricultural programme, land rights, in addition to an equitable distribution of wealth.“ Hajo called the agreement „inclusive“ without „quotas or positions.“ [22] Last June, the UN Security Council adopted two resolutions on Sudan establishing the UN mission under the name UNTAMS, which is tasked with helping the transitional government establish and implement peace agreements and protect the civilian population in Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile.